Cost Difference :
|Much less as compared to the other European Countries
Cancer is a dreadful disease in which a group of cells display
uncontrolled growth i e excess and unusual growth of the cells or intrusion
in which the affected cell destroys the adjoining tissues or sometimes the
affected cells spread to other parts of the body through the lymph or blood.
This is known as the metastasis. The medical term for cancer is Malignant
Neoplasm. With the help of these three malignant properties, cancer can be
differentiate from benign tumors which are self limited, do not invade or
metastasize. The branch of medicine which deals with the study, diagnosis,
treatment and prevention of cancer termed as Oncology.
Urological cancer is a kind of cancer which can occur in any organ of the
urinary system and the male reproductive system such as the kidney, bladder,
prostate, testicles or penis. The best way to cure
Urological cancer is to detect it at the initial stage and detached the
portion from the body before it advances and spreads to other part of the
body. Urological cancers can be develop in both men and women but it is more
common in men. Surprisingly, among three men who are affected by cancers,
one person is a patient of urological cancer.
Different kinds of Urological Cancer
Adrenal Cancer : It is a rare disease that develops in the adrenal glands
which are present on the top of the kidneys and consist a outer
layer(cortex) and a inner area (medulla) which functions separately.
Symptoms of adrenal cancer and treatment for the condition depend on whether
the tumor is functioning or non functioning and also on the excessive
production of the hormone. The most common type of adrenal cancer develops
in the adrenal cortex known as adrenocortical carcinoma in medical
dictionary. Cancers that develop in the adrenal medulla include
neuroblastoma. It originates in the undeveloped nerve cells of the infants
Kidney Cancer :
Kidney cancer occurs in the lining of tiny tubes
inside the kidneys. It happens most often in people over 40years. Smoking,
having certain genetic conditions and misusing pain medicines for a long
time can be the main reason behind the kidney cancers. Some symptoms of
Kidney cancer which are always not present are :
Bladder Cancer :
- Blood and pain while passing the urine.
- Swelling or lump in the area of Kidney and pain in the side.
- Frequent fevers and night sweats.
- Tiredness, loss of appetite, unexplained and sudden weight loss.
In this case of cancer, there is a malignant
growth in the urinary bladder. In bladder cancer abnormal cells multiply
without control in the bladder. Around 20% of patients diagnosed with
bladder cancer require major surgery to remove the affected bladder. The
most common symptoms of bladder cancer are :
- blood in the urine and burning pain during urination.
- Frequent urination or feeling the need to urinate without result.
- muscle spasms in the bladder .
These symptoms may not be specifically related to bladder cancer.
Prostate Cancer :
In this case, cancer develops in the Prostate
gland of the male reproductive system. It occurs when cells of the prostate
mutate and begin to multiply out of control. It is the most common cancer
found in male and almost 1 in 12 men suffers from it during their lifetime.
Up to 75% of patients who suffers from prostate cancer are diagnosed at a
later stage when it becomes difficult to remove it with the help of
operation. Prostate cancer generally does not cause symptoms in its early
stages, but when symptoms occur they are usually :
- blood in the urine.
- difficulty and feeling of pain while urination.
- Frequency and urgency in urination during night. Beside cancer,
these symptoms may also be related to prostate enlargement
Beside cancer, these symptoms may also be related to prostate
Testicular Cancer :
The name itself suggest that it takes place in
the testicles, a part in the male reproductive system. It is the most common
cancer affecting young men in the age group of 15 to 40 years. It has the
highest rate of cure among all other cancers. The symptoms of this cancer
Penile Cancer :
- a lump in the testis or hardening of one of the testicles.
- An increase or significant decrease in the size of the one testis.
- Loss of sexual activity and sexual withdrawal.
- Abnormal sensitivity and dull ache in the lower abdomen.
- Blood in the semen. General weak and tired feeling.
It is the cancer which can occur anywhere along
the penile shaft but most commonly develops on the foreskin or head(glans).
Here the cancer cells form on the tissues of the penis. It is a slow growing
cancer and can be cure easily if discovered early. Penile cancer is mostly
found in the men above 60 years of age. The symptoms includes :
Urethral Cancer :
- Redness, irritation or sore on the penis.
- A lump on the penis.
- Discharge and bleeding through penis
It occurs in urethra, that part of the body
which lies within the penis and carries semen in men body and in women body
it lies in front of the vagina and carries urine. It is a rare kind of
cancer which more often develops in women as compare to men. It has the
tendency to spread to the adjoining soft tissues. It mainly affects the
people above the 60 years. The symptoms includes :
- Blood in the urine, painful urination and diminished urine stream.
- Frequent urination which increases more during night.
- Pain during or after the sexual intercourse.
- Hardening of tissue in the perineum, labia or pennis.