Kerala State Information
Kerala State India
: Kerala travel tours provide information about Thiruvananthapuram ' Kerala Capital'
, Kerala State culture, festivals in Kerala, travel tips Kerala , tourists attractions in Kerala, climate and map of Kerala
Sandwiched between the Lakshwadeep
Sea and the Western Ghats, Kerala is a bustling little green-and-silver,
coconuts-and-water state on the west coast of India. It is bounded by
Karnataka to the north, Tamil Nadu to the east, and the Arabian Sea to
the west. Thiruvananthapuram is its capital.
district in Kerala has it's own unique culture and characteristics.
Thiruvananthapuram is known for it's beach- Kovalam, the Sri
Padmanabhaswamy Temple and various museums and palaces; Alappuzha for
it's backwaters, Thrissur, the cultural capital, Kottayam for it's
ancient churches, Kozhikode for it's old world charm and the entrancing
Ponmudi or Golden valley.
Capital of Kerala:
Though a bit of a tongue-twister, Thiruvananthapuram - the present
official name, is closer to it's mythological origins. The word ' Thiru
ananthapuram' means the city of Anantha or the abode of the sacred
thousand-headed serpent Anantha, who forms the couch on which reclines
Lord Vishnu, the preserver in the Hindu trinity.
Built on seven hills, it was the capital of the Venad chieftains. The
city has grown as a tourist and commercial centre, with the
International airport becoming the main gateway into Kerala. Being the
state capital, it also throbs with political activity.
History of Kerala:
Original inhabitants were animists, followed by the Dravidians. After
Alexander's triumphant sweep over Asia Minor, the ports of Kerala became
a link between the Middle East, the Mediterranean and China.
In 1498, Vasco da Gama made his historic landing on the Malabar Coast.
In 1723, the East India Company signed a strategic treaty with King
Marthanda Varma. For a few decades, Hyder Ali and his son -Tipu sultan
proved to be a thorn in the flesh of the British, sweeping down several
times into Kerala. In 1947, it was the turn of the British to pack their
People of Kerala:
Kerala also has considerable ethnic diversity. The Malayali majority
belong to the Dravidian group (local race) of early Indian peoples.
There is a small population of descendants of Indo-European migrants
from the north. Certain hill tribes exhibit affinities with the Negrito
peoples of Southeast Asia. Most Keralites are Hindus, but there are also
large Christian and Islamic, and lesser Jain and Jewish, minorities.
The official language is Malayalam. A long contact with the outside
world has led to an intriguing blend of cultures and given Keralites a
Culture of Kerala:
One aspect of the state's rich cultural heritage is manifest in its
varieties of religious architecture: ancient Hindu temples with
copper-clad roofs, later Islamic mosques with "Malabar gables,"
and colonial Portuguese Baroque churches.
Splendid paintings, especially murals, exhibit distinct local
traditions and styles. The land is a flourishing center of the Kathakali
dance form. The state has also a rich theatre tradition: the only
surviving Sanskrit drama, Koottiyattam, is still performed by the
Chakkiars of Kerala. Some principles of the Natya-Shastra are evident in
Agriculture is the state's main economic activity. Plantations of
cardamom, cashew nut, coconuts, coffee, ginger, pepper, rubber, and tea
account for 40 percent of the total land.
Commercial poultry farming is well developed. Cottage industries--for
example, the processing of coconut fibre and cashews or weaving--employ
about three-fifths of Kerala's industrial workers. Most of those
employed by larger industrial enterprises are engaged in food and
The climate is equable and varies little from season to season. The
temperature normally ranges between 27º and 32º C in the
plains but drops to about 21º C in the highlands.
Winter - 32 to 20 º C. Kerala is strongly buffeted by both the
southwest and northeast monsoons. Rainfall in many parts of the state
exceeds 118 inches. Best season: October to March.
KERALA POPULATION :
10-day annual festival in January at Sreekandeswaram Temple,
Thiruvananthapuram. In February, is the week-long Nishagandhi Dance
festival; Pooram festival in Thrissur around April-May; Flavor Food
Festival, at the Kanakakunnu Palace grounds, Thiruvananthapuram in May.
Week celebrations, the annual harvest festival of Kerala begins in
August and lasts for 10 days. Another important festival is the annual
Pongala Utsavam, to which only women are allowed at the Attukal
Bhagavathy Temple, Thiruvananthapuram. Therayattam festival is held to
propitiate the gods and demons recognized by the pantheon of the
Tourist Offices in Kerala:
Tourist Reception Centre
In front of KTDC Chaithram hotel,
Thiruvananthapuram, near Rly stn.
Tourist Facilitation Centre
Museum Rd, Thiruvananthapuram, opp.
Museum and zoo.